What’s All This Mean?
SpaceX’s Starlink 7 mission will launch 60 satellites on its Falcon 9 rocket. It’s launching on June 03, from Space Launch Complex-40 (SLC-40) at the Cape Canaveral Space Force Station (CCSFS), Florida. Starlink 7, is the seventh operational launch of SpaceX’s Starlink communication satellite constellation.
Lift Off Time
|June 04, 2020 – 01:25 UTC
June 03, 2020 – 21:25 EDT
Mission Name and what it is
|Starlink 7: the seventh Starlink v1.0 launch|
|Falcon 9-Block 5 B1049.5
|Space Launch Complex-40, Kennedy Space Center, Florida|
|18,500 kg (60 x 260 kg, plus dispenser) ~41,000 pounds|
Where are the satellites going?
|Low-Earth Orbit 550 km (Initially 210 x 366 km)
Will they be attempting to recover the first stage?
Where will the first stage land?
|About 630 km downrange on SpaceX’s drone ship Just Read The Instructions. (JRTI)|
Will they be attempting to recover the fairings?
|SpaceX will attempt to recover both fairing halves
Are these fairings new?
This will be the:
Where to watch
The Everyday Astronaut and NASA teams strongly recommend everyone to stay at home during the pandemic. Please obey all local, state, and federal guidelines. Enjoy the mission with us from the comfort of your home!
What is Starlink?
Starlink is SpaceX’s communications satellite program. The Starlink satellite constellation will deliver a fast, low-latency broadband Internet service to locations where access is unreliable, expensive, or unavailable. SpaceX expects that a private beta of Starlink will begin in three months, with a public beta in six months. As of now, the Starlink constellation covers the Northern United States and Canada. The company estimates that once complete, its venture will make $30-50 billion annually. The Starlink revenue, they hope, will help finance SpaceX’s
What is the Starlink Satellite?
Each Starlink version 1.0 satellite is a compact design that weights 260 kg. SpaceX developed them to be a flat-panel design to fit as many satellites as possible within the Falcon 9’s 5.2 meter wide payload fairing. 60 satellites fit into a dispenser affixed to the second stage. The entire Starlink payload weights around 15,600 kg. That’s near the limit that a Falcon 9 can lift into LEO and still have enough propellant for landing.
For such small satellites, each one comes loaded with high-tech communications technology. There are six antennas, four high-powered phased-array and two parabolic ones that all support high-speed data throughput. Starlink also features a SpaceX built and designed star track navigation system to enable precision placement of broadband throughput.
Four inter-satellite laser links (ISLLs) allow high-speed communication between Starlink satellites. SpaceX placed two ISLLs on the front and rear of the satellite to talk with Starlink satellites in the same orbital plane. They remain fixed in position. Two ISLLs on the satellite’s sides track other Starlink satellites in different orbital planes. This means they have to move to track the other satellites.
Innovative ion propulsion technology keeps these satellites in the correct position while on orbit. They use ion Hall-effect thrusters to achieve their working orbit, to maneuver while on-orbit and, at end of life, deorbit them. According to SpaceX, Starlink is the first krypton propelled spacecraft ever flown.
Becoming space junk is not in the cards for these satellites. Each Starlink satellite incorporates an autonomous collision avoidance system. It uses the Department of Defence’s debris tracking data to avoid colliding with space debris or other satellites. When they come to the end of their useful life, they will deorbit and completely burn up in the Earth’s atmosphere.
What is the Starlink Satellite Constellation?
Constellations use multiple satellites working in conjunction for a common purpose. SpaceX plans eventually to form a network of about 12,000 satellites. They will operate roughly 4,400 satellites using Ku- and Ka-band radio spectrum, and almost another 7,500 satellites in the V-band.
To achieve initial coverage, Starlink will use 72 orbital planes, angled at 53 degrees from the Earth’s equator at an altitude of 550 km. They will put 22 satellites into each of these orbital planes, totalling 1,584 satellites. They will communicate with other Starlink satellites and with ground stations, akin to a mesh network.
In late 2019, the company asked the American Federal Communications Commission (FCC) for permission to launch an additional 30,000 satellites into orbits ranging from 328 km to 580 km in altitude. If the FCC okays the request, the constellation could grow to 42,000 satellites. This would increase the number of operational satellites in Earth orbit by at least a factor of 20 from pre-2019 levels.
The constellation’s large numbers are raising concerns regarding their effect on the night sky and Earth-based astronomy. However, Elon Musk stated that he is confident that SpaceX can mitigate light pollution issues and is working with industry experts to minimize the potential for any impact. Starting on the ninth operation Starlink mission, the satellites will use a sunshade that is a patio-like umbrella to reduce light reflectivity.
What is Falcon 9 Block 5?
SpaceX’s Falcon 9 rocket first flew in 2010. Since that time, 84 more launches occurred. Previously, 83 flights were fully successful, one partially successful, and one in-flight failure. Starlink 7 will be the launch vehicle’s 85th flight. Over the years, it has gone through several upgrades and iterations, not including the Falcon Heavy. The current version is the Falcon 9 Block 5, introduced in 2018.
The Block 5 is the final iteration of the Falcon 9 and rated to carry humans into space. Block 5’s goal was to apply all the lessons that SpaceX learned into a human-rated, reusable rocket, capable of sending Crew Dragon into orbit. Initially, Falcon 9 is Starlink’s primary carrier rocket, with Starship expected to supplant it.
The first change NASA required to human-rate the Falcon 9 was to put it into a design freeze. Before Block 5, no two Falcon 9s were the same, according to a SpaceX representative. Because of these continual improvements, NASA required SpaceX to fly seven missions in a row with no changes to the launch vehicle.
The second major change required the addition of a redesigned carbon over-wrapped pressure vessel (COPV). It was COPVs in the upper stage that caused the two previous Falcon 9 failures (AMOS-6 and CRS-7).
There were also many modifications in the Block 5 booster stage related to better reusability that were not critical for human-rating. SpaceX reinforced the landing legs, upgraded the grid fins, added a carbon fiber interstage, added a heat resistant external paint, and upgraded the engines. For more information about the changes in Block 5, and the other Blocks of the Falcon 9, check out this video by the Everyday Astronaut:
Falcon 9 Booster 1049
The booster supporting this mission is B1049. To prepare for the launch, the booster will be static fired at SLC-40 three to seven days beforehand. Previously, this booster stage’s debut was on the Telstar 18V/Apstar-5C mission, on September 10, 2018. Its second flight was the final Iridium NEXT mission, Iridium 8, on January 11, 2019. Next, it flew on the first and only non-operational Starlink v0.9 launch, on May 24, 2019. Finally, it last flew on the second operational Starlink launch, on January 7, 2020. In conclusion, Starlink 7 will be its fifth flight, which changes the booster’s designation to 1049.5.
SpaceX is the first company to recover and reuse fairings. It is expected that both fairings halves will be attempted to be recovered for this mission; one half on Go Ms. Tree and the other on Go Ms. Chief.
Starlink 7 First Stage Landing
After boosting the second stage, along with its Starlink payload towards orbit, the first stage will perform an entry burn. The purpose for the burn is to slow the vehicle down to prepare it for atmospheric reentry. The booster will then land approximately 630 km downrange aboard SpaceX’s Autonomous Spaceport Done Ship (ASDS) Just Read The Instructions.
Starlink 7 Full Mission Profile
– 00:38:00 SpaceX Launch Director verifies go for propellant load.
– 00:35:00 RP-1 (rocket grade kerosene) loading underway.
– 00:35:00 1st stage LOX (liquid oxygen) loading underway
– 00:16:00 2nd stage LOX loading underway
– 00:07:00 Falcon 9 begins engine chill prior to launch
– 00:01:00 Command flight computer to begin final prelaunch checks
– 00:01:00 Propellant tank pressurization to flight pressure begins
– 00:00:45 SpaceX Launch Director verifies go for launch
– 00:00:03 Engine controller commands engine ignition sequence to start
– 00:00:00 Falcon 9 Liftoff
Launch, Landing, and Satellite Deployment**
00:01:14 Max Q (moment of peak mechanical stress on the rocket)
00:02:33 1st stage main engine cutoff (MECO)
00:02:36 1st and 2nd stages separate
00:02:44 2nd stage engine starts
00:03:24 Fairing deployment
00:06:41 1st stage entry burn complete
00:08:24 1st stage landing
00:09:00 2nd stage engine cutoff (SECO)
00:15:00 Starlink satellites begin deployment
* Although Starlink’s launch window is officially instantaneous, previous Starlink missions had 90-minute launch windows.
** Times based on the recent Starlink 5 mission.
Good afternoon from England, Do you have any Space Shuttle pictures that I could purchase or do you know anywhere that I could get some good pictures of it ? Sorry to take up your valuable time Thanks again.
SpaceX Starlink 8th mission?
It’s 8th mission I think
There was a “zeroth” launch with a older hardware revision (v0.9) of the satellites. This is the 7 launch of the v1.0 sats.
The infographic is a bit off. Says “Booster Landing” will be on “OCISLY JRTI”.
I believe it’s meant to be ASDS JRTI (Autonomous Spaceport Drone Ship Just Read The Instruction)
When the graphic was created it wasn’t clear if they were going to land on OCISLY or JETI…
*JRTI typical AutoCorrect
Hi Tim, are you planning to webcast the launch?
Did they succeed in recovering the fairings?
Hi Tim, Your graphic lists a total payload for this launch of 18,500kg. This is massive and indicates an adaptor weight of 2,900kg . Is this accurate? Source?