Türksat 5B | Falcon 9 Block 5

Lift Off Time
(Subject to change)
December 19, 2021 – 03:58 UTC
December 18, 2021 – 22:58 EST
Mission Name
Türksat 5B
Launch Provider
(What rocket company is launching it?)
(Who’s paying for this?)
Türksat A.Ş.
Falcon 9 Block 5 B1067-3; 38 day turn around time
Launch Location
Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40), Cape Canaveral Space Force Station, Florida, USA
Payload mass
4,500 kg (9,900 lb)
Where are the satellites going?
Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO)
Will they be attempting to recover the first stage?
Where will the first stage land?
~620 km downrange on A Shortfall of Gravitas

Tug: Finn Falgout; Support: Bob
Will they be attempting to recover the fairings?
The fairing halves will be recovered from the water ~665 km downrange by Bob
Are these fairings new?
No, the active and passive halves both flew on the GPS III SV05 mission; 185 day turn around time
How’s the weather looking?
The weather is currently 80% GO for launch (as of December 17, 2021 13:30 UTC)
This will be the:
Shortest time between two SpaceX launches at 15 hours 17 min
– 133rd Falcon 9 launch
– 74th Falcon 9 flight with a flight proven booster
– 78th re-flight of a booster
– 29th re-flight of a booster in 2021
– 99th booster landing
– 30th launch for SpaceX in 2021 (a record)
– 77th SpaceX launch from SLC-40
– 134th orbital launch attempt of 2021
Where to watch
Official Livestream

What’s This All Mean?

SpaceX will launch the Türksat 5B into a Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO) atop a Falcon 9 Block 5 rocket. Türksat 5B will lift off from Space Launch Complex 40 (SLC-40) at the Cape Canaveral Space Force Station in Florida. This mission is a follow up to the Türksat 5A mission, which launched in 2021.

Türksat 5B satellite

Türksat 5B is a Turkish communication satellite built by Airbus Defense and Space. The satellite, which is operated by Türksat, will provide direct TV broadcasting services and general telecommunication services to Turkey, Europe, the Middle East, and parts of Asia and Africa. Türksat 5B will operate in Geostationary Orbit (GEO) at 42° East inclination

Türksat 5A is based on the Eurostar-3000EOR satellite bus. The bus is equipped with two deployable solar arrays which in combination with batteries provide the satellite with over 15 kW of power. This will make Türksat 5B the most powerful satellite in Türksat’s fleet. In fact, due to having a large amount of power the satellite is fully electric and uses ion propulsion. Türksat 5A is equipped with 42 Ku band transponders and has a lifespan of 15 years.

Türksat 5A
An artist’s rendering of Türksat 5B (Credit: Airbus)

What Is Falcon 9 Block 5?

The Falcon 9 Block 5 is SpaceX’s partially reusable two-stage medium-lift launch vehicle. The vehicle consists of a reusable first stage, an expendable second stage, and, when in payload configuration, a pair of reusable fairing halves.

First Stage

The Falcon 9 first stage contains 9 Merlin 1D+ sea level engines. Each engine uses an open gas generator cycle and runs on RP-1 and liquid oxygen (LOx). Each engine produces 845 kN of thrust at sea level, with a specific impulse (ISP) of 285 seconds, and 934 kN in a vacuum with an ISP of 313 seconds. Due to the powerful nature of the engine, and the large amount of them, the Falcon 9 first stage is able to lose an engine right off the pad, or up to two later in flight, and be able to successfully place the payload into orbit.

The Merlin engines are ignited by triethylaluminum and triethylborane (TEA-TEB), which instantaneously burst into flames when mixed in the presence of oxygen. During static fire and launch the TEA-TEB is provided by the ground service equipment. However, as the Falcon 9 first stage is able to propulsively land, three of the Merlin engines (E1, E5, and E9) contain TEA-TEB canisters to relight for the boost back, reentry, and landing burns.

Second Stage

The Falcon 9 second stage is the only expendable part of the Falcon 9. It contains a singular MVacD engine that produces 992 kN of thrust and an ISP of 348 seconds. The second stage is capable of doing several burns, allowing the Falcon 9 to put payloads in several different orbits.

For missions with many burns and/or long coasts between burns, the second stage is able to be equipped with a mission extension package. When the second stage has this package it has 0 a grey strip, which helps keep the RP-1 warm, an increased number of composite-overwrapped pressure vessels (COPVs) for pressurization control, and additional TEA-TEB.

falcon 9 block 5, launch
Falcon 9 Block 5 launching on the Starlink V1.0 L27 mission (Credit: SpaceX)

Falcon 9 Booster

The booster supporting Türksat 5B is B1067. It has supported two previous missions: CRS-22 and Crew-3. Since it has flown two previous times, this mission changes its designation to B1067-3.

Following stage separation, the Falcon 9 will conduct 2 burns. These burns will softly touch down the booster on SpaceX’s autonomous spaceport drone ship A Shortfall of Gravitas.

falcon 9 booster, landing, drone ship
Falcon 9 landing on Of Course I Still Love You after launching Bob and Doug (Credit: SpaceX)

Falcon 9 Fairings

The Falcon 9’s fairing consists of two dissimilar reusable halves. The first half (the half that faces away from the transport erector) is called the active half, and houses the pneumatics for the separation system. The other fairing half is called the passive half. As the name implies, this half plays a purely passive role in the fairing separation process, as it relies on the pneumatics from the active half.

Both fairing halves are equipped with cold gas thrusters and a parafoil which are used to softly touch down the fairing half in the ocean. SpaceX used to attempt to catch the fairing halves, however, at the end of 2020 this program was canceled due to safety risks and a low success rate. On Türksat 5B, SpaceX will attempt to recover the fairing halves from the water with their recovery vessel Bob.

In 2021, SpaceX started flying a new version of the Falcon 9 fairing. The new “upgraded” version has vents only at the top of each fairing half, by the gap between the halves, whereas the old version had vents placed spread equidistantly around the base of the fairing. Moving the vents decreases the chance of water getting into the fairing, making the chance of a successful scoop significantly higher.


All times are approximate

00:38:00SpaceX Launch Director verifies go for propellant load
00:35:00RP-1 (rocket grade kerosene) loading underway
00:35:001st stage LOX (liquid oxygen) loading underway
00:16:002nd stage LOX loading underway
00:07:00Falcon 9 begins engine chill prior to launch
00:01:00Command flight computer to begin final prelaunch checks
00:01:00Propellant tank pressurization to flight pressure begins
00:00:45SpaceX Launch Director verifies go for launch
00:00:03Engine controller commands engine ignition sequence to start
00:00:00Falcon 9 liftoff


All times are approximate

00:01:12Max Q (moment of peak mechanical stress on the rocket)
00:02:331st stage main engine cutoff (MECO)
00:02:371st and 2nd stages separate
00:02:442nd stage engine starts
00:03:24Fairing deployment
00:06:271st stage entry burn start
00:06:511st stage entry burn end
00:08:062nd stage engine cutoff (SECO)
00:08:191st stage landing burn start
00:08:421st stage landing burn complete
00:26:432nd stage engine restarts
00:27:442nd stage engine cutoff (SECO-2)
00:32:45Turksat 5B deployment

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