starship, sn11, rollout, spacex, boca chica, dirt, sky

Starship SN11 | Medium Altitude Test Flight

Launch Window
(Subject to change)
March 30, 2021 – ~12:00 UTC – ~March 30, 2021 – ~20:00 UTC
March 30, 2021 – ~07:00 CDT – ~March 30, 2021 – ~15:00 CDT
Mission Name
Medium Altitude Test Flight
Launch Provider
(What rocket company is launching it?)
(Who’s paying for this?)
Starship SN11
Launch Location
Test Stand B, Boca Chica, Texas, United States
Payload mass
There is no payload on this test flight
Where are the satellites going?
There is no payload on this test flight
Will they be attempting to recover the first stage?
Yes. However in the Super Heavy/Starship stack this will be the second stage and will also be recovered.
Where will the first stage land?
On the landing pad about 360 meters (~1,000 feet) from Test Stand B, Boca Chica, Texas, United States
Will they be attempting to recover the fairings?
There are no fairings on Starship
Are these fairings new?
There are no fairings on Starship
How’s the weather looking?
This will be the:
– 1st flight of SN11
– 3rd flight of a Starship prototype to 10 km
– 6th flight of a Starship prototype (excluding three Starhopper hops)
– 4th flight of Starship with a nosecone and aerodynamic control surfaces
Where to watch
Official livestream

Tim Dodd, the Everyday Astronaut, will be streaming; come ask questions and join the conversation live!

Live updates leading up to the flight of SN11

What’s all this mean?

For the 4th time in the Starship program, SpaceX will be attempting to launch, belly flop, flip, and land a Starship prototype. SN11 aims to reach an altitude of around 10 kilometers (~6.2 miles), just like its predecessors SN9 and SN10 did. Yet again, SpaceX will attempt to land and recover the SN11 prototype from the landing pad about 360 meters (~1,000 feet) away from Test Stand B at the Boca Chica launch complex.

Starship SN11 Flight Profile

Similarly to the previous prototypes, SN11 will fly up to an altitude of around 10 kilometers (~6.2 miles) before performing its belly flop maneuver and falling back down towards the landing pad. SpaceX is aiming to intentionally shut down its three Raptor engines during ascent and later reignite them during the flip maneuver. Under the power of its Raptor engines, it will flip from horizontal to vertical, shut down one engine and try to land. Below is a table of each event based on the previous flights of Starship prototypes. Due to the nature of the dynamic countdown leading up to liftoff, these events do not have specific time stamps.

Events Prior and During Launch

Road ClosureThe road leading to the pad and beach closes to all non-SpaceX personnel.
Flight Termination System (FTS) Pins RemovalThe safety pins are removed which arms the FTS. The FTS is a set of C4 charges that explode the vehicle if it were to go off course or have a malfunction.
Pad ClearEveryone, including SpaceX employees must be cleared from the pad and the surrounding area.
Recondenser OnThis signifies the start of pressurization of tanks on the ground in the tank farm.
Ground Tank CloudsThe ground farm has become pressurized and is preparing to load fuel and oxidizer into the vehicle.
LOx and CH4 Tank LoadAll four tanks on Starship begin receiving their propellants from the ground tanks. This is shown by the frost accumulation on the outside of the vehicle and visible vents.
Methane VentA vent can be seen from the methane tank on Starship, which depressurizes the tank.
Engine ChillEngine chill is evident when condensation appears from inside the skirt, followed by “Tri-vents” or three vents near each respective Raptor engine closer to liftoff. The engines must be chilled by liquid oxygen before they ignite.
LiftoffThe clamps holding down Starship are released after the engines are at desired thrust and the vehicle lifts off from the pad.
First Engine ShutdownOn ascent, one engine is shut down intentionally to extend the time they need to reach apogee in order to maximize the time an engine can fire.
Second Engine ShutdownOn ascent, a second engine is shut down intentionally to extend the time they need to reach apogee in order to maximize the time an engine can fire.
Hover and Third Engine ShutdownAt the target altitude, Starship will hover on one engine before initializing the belly flop and shutting it down shortly after.
Belly Flop Maneuver The vehicle uses its four aerodynamic fin surfaces (two forward, two aft) to turn belly side down and control its descent as it begins to fall back towards the ground.
Flip/Engine RelightAt an altitude of approximately 500 meters (~1,600 feet) Starship relights all three Raptor engines as the fins and engines force it to go vertical again.
LandingThe two least healthy engines shuts down after correcting for any over rotation as it slowly descends on the landing pad with its landing legs deployed.
Depress After Starship is on the pad, the vehicle will begin to depressurize by venting as a step toward making the vehicle safe for recovery personnel approach.

What is Starship?

SpaceX is developing their next generation rocket in Boca Chica, Texas, United States. The launch system consists of the first stage “Super Heavy” vehicle, which will boost the second stage “Starship” out of Earth’s atmosphere. When both are fully stacked, they are referred to as “Starship”. After the two separate, Starship, powered by six Raptor engines, will continue to orbit. This could involve staying in Low Earth Orbit (LEO) or moving on to the Moon and eventually Mars.

As of the development of SN11, three previous Starships have flown with aerodynamic surfaces, (SN8, SN9, and SN10) with all three exploding on or shortly after landing. Booster Number 1 (BN1) is currently being built and could be up next in the line of testing.

SN11 at launch pad b, boca chica
SN11 being lowered to the pad at sunset. (Credit: Trevor Mahlmann)

Starship Internals

Starship uses liquid methane (CH4) as its fuel and liquid oxygen (LOx) as its oxidizer. When the vehicle is vertical, the larger liquid oxygen tank is on the bottom and the smaller liquid methane tank is on the top. The reason for the different sizes in tanks is due to the mixture ratio between methane and liquid oxygen that the Raptor engine requires to run properly. However, Raptor can operate outside of this ratio.

At the very top of the vehicle and in-between the CH4 tank and the LOx tank are the two header tanks. These tanks are required for the unique flip maneuver that Starship does just before landing on the landing pad. When an engine relights, it must not suck in any air. That could result in the loss or damage of an engine. The header tanks are designed to eliminate that, so fuel will always be taken in by the engine while the vehicle is on its side.

Starship diagram
A diagram of Starship’s tanks. (Credit: Everyday Astronaut)

Starship Variants

The current Starship launch vehicle is fairly minimal compared to the complex human transport version to be built and flown in the upcoming years. Along with human transportation, Starship also plans to have cargo and tanker versions to perform other various functions.

starship variants, SpaceX
Rendered Starship variants (Credit: Everyday Astronaut)

The crew version of Starship will have the capability to carry humans. The exact number of which is still up for debate, however its capacity will be higher than any other crewed launch vehicle ever built. The tanker appears to be similar to the current version of Starship undergoing testing and development, like SN11. Its main purpose will be to take an extra amount of propellant and transfer it to another Starship already in orbit.

The cargo variant of Starship will carry various types of cargo to a variety of orbits. Current numbers estimate that this variant could take 150 metric tons (330,000 pounds) to Low Earth Orbit (LEO). The lunar and deep space versions are even further out in development but these variants will be able to reach the Moon and the outer planets respectively.

The Raptor Engine

Both Super Heavy and Starship will be powered by various numbers of Raptor engines. The Raptor engines are unique enough themselves and use the Full Flow Staged Combustion Cycle, which makes it one of the most complex engines ever designed and built.

raptor engine, spacex, diagram
A slightly simplified version of SpaceX’s Raptor engine. (Credit: Everyday Astronaut)

The Raptor engine is still in development, which means that significant and minor changes will occur as the development process continues. One of the more visible changes is the removal of testing hardware which has resulted in the engine plumbing being more compact and streamlined. As the Raptor engine gets farther along in development and SpaceX gathers more data, more changes will be made.

Future Testing

Up next, after the testing of SN11, is BN1 and SN15. Due to the rapidly changing design and updates of Starship, SN12, 13, and 14 have been canceled and scrapped. Currently in the high bay and being prepared for stacking is BN1, which has the chance to be the next vehicle in line for testing. This is also determined by the construction of the orbital launch complex, which is where Super Heavy will launch from. Following SN15 will be SN16-20, which will have further upgrades including even more heat shield tiles.

  1. “This is also determined by the contradiction of the orbital launch complex, ”

    Er, that’s “construction”, not “contradiction”. Must be our friend autocorrect.

  2. “3rd flight of a Starship prototype to 10 km”

    Shouldn’t that be “4th”?

      1. It would seem odd to count the number of flights to 10 km, but not count one that went further, but then to mention this: “SN11 aims to reach an altitude of around 10 kilometers (~6.2 miles), just like its predecessors SN8, SN9, and SN10 did.”

  3. “The least healthy engine shuts down after correcting for any over rotation as it slowly descends”

    This was changed to 2 engines shutting down with sn10 right?

  4. It looks like the earliest this could launch is the 29th assuming the new static fire test is successful tomorrow. (This is due to the installation of Raptor 46 this morning.)

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