RSW-01 – 03 | Long March 2C / YZ-1S

Lift Off Time
August 24, 2021 – 11:15 UTC | 19:15 BJT
Mission Name
RSW-01 – 03, an Internet Connectivity Test Satellite
Launch Provider
(What rocket company launched it?)
China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC)
(Who paid for this?)
China Satellite Network Group Co. Ltd
Long March 2C / YZ-1S
Launch Location
Site 9401 (SLS-2), Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center, China
Payload mass
Unknown, a maximum of 3,850 kg (8,500 lb) based on orbital parameters
Where did the satellites go?
Low Earth orbit (LEO)
Did they attempt to recover the first stage?
No, this is not a capability of the CASC
Where did the first stage land?
It crashed into North-West China
Did they attempt to recover the fairings?
No, this is not a capability of the CASC
Were these fairings new?
This was the:
– 58th Long March 2C mission
– 20th flight of a Yuanzheng upper stage
– 30th Chinese launch of 2021
– 81st orbital launch attempt of 2021 (77th successful launch)
Where to watch
If available, a replay will be listed here

How did it go?

CASC successfully launched the Internet Connectivity Test Satellites, a set of communications satellites, atop a Long March 2C / YZ-1S rocket from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center on August 24, 2021.

The Internet Connectivity Test Satellite

Very little is known about the payload. The two or three test satellites are thought to be part of the development of two state-owned Chinese low Earth orbit constellations, which is planned to consist of 13,000 satellites. Plans indicate that the sub constellations will range from 500-1,145 km in altitude, with inclinations between 30-85 degrees, and the satellites will cover a wide range of frequency bands.

The launch of the Long March 2C (Credit: CASC)

Long March 2C / YZ-1S

The Long March 2C is a three stage launch vehicle, featuring a Yuanzheng upper stage, capable of putting up to 3,850 kg into low-Earth orbit, and up to 1,250 kg into geostationary transfer obit (GTO).

First stage

The first stage has four YF-21C engines, each running on dinitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) and unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH). The stage produces 2,960 kN of thrust and has a specific impulse (ISP) of 260 seconds. The first stage is 25.72 meters tall and 3.35 meters in diameter.

Second stage

The second stage has a single YF-24E engine, containing one main YF-22E engine for thrust, and four YF-23C attitude control thrusters, running on N2O4 and UDMH. The main engine produces 816 kN of thrust and the attitude control thrusters each produce 47 kN. The main engine has an ISP of 300 seconds, while the attitude control thrusters have an ISP of 289 seconds.

Third stage

The third stage, the Yuanzheng, is a restartable upper stage. The variant used on the Long March 2C is designated YZ-1S. The Yuanzheng allows launch vehicles to deploy their payloads directly into high energy orbits, like medium Earth orbit (MEO) and geosynchronous orbit (GSO). The stage features one YF-50D engine, which like the first and second stages runs UDMH and N2O4. It provides 6.5 kN of thrust and has an ISP of 315.5 seconds. The stage can perform at least two burns within its lifespan of 6.5 hours.

The YZ-1S upper stage (Credit: CALT)

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