Cygnus CRS-2 NG-14 (S.S. Kalpana Chawla)| Antares 230+

Lift-off time(Subject to change)
October 3, 2020 – 01:16 UTC 
October 2, 2020 – 21:16 EDT
Mission Name
NG-14, an orbital resupply mission to the International Space Station (ISS)
Launch Provider
(What rocket company is launching it?)
Northrop Grumman Innovation Systems 
Customer
(Who’s paying for this?)
NASA
Rocket
Antares 230+
Launch Location
Launch Pad 0A, Wallops Island, Virginia, USA
Payload mass
~3,600 kg (~ 8,000 lb)
Where are the satellites going?
Low Earth Orbit (LEO) (Initially about 400 km) Rendezvousing with the International Space Station (ISS)
Will they be attempting to recover the first stage?
No this is not a capability of Northrop Grumman
Where will the first stage land?
It will crash into the ocean off the coast of Virginia, USA
Will they be attempting to recover the fairings?
No this is not a capability of Northrop Grumman
Are these fairings new?
Yes
This will be the:
– 13th launch of an Antares rocket
– 8th launch of an Antares 230 series rocket
– 3rd launch for Northrop Grumman this year
Where to watch
NASA Livestream

What’s all this mean?

Lifting off on September 30 at 02:27 UTC, Northrop Gumman’s Antares 230+ will carry the Cygnus spacecraft into Low Earth Orbit (LEO). As part of the Commercial Resupply Services (CRS), Cygnus will carry nearly 3,600 kg (~ 8,000 lb) of science experiments, crew supplies and hardware to the ISS. The crew of Expedition 63 will catch and Mission Control will berth the Cygnus spacecraft on October 3 on the bottom of the Unity module.

The Payload

This launch will mark Northrop Gumman’s 14th ISS resupply mission. On board will be a variety of research experiments, hardware and crew supplies such as clothing or food. Overall, Cygnus will carry around 3,600 kg (~ 8,000 lb) of cargo. The following is only a selection of more than 20 payloads that will hitch a ride up to the ISS.

Cygnus spacecraft
An advanced Cygnus spacecraft captured by the Canadarm (Credit: NASA)

Onco-Selectors

Onco-Selectors is an experiment that aims to identify drugs, based on onco selective messanger ribonucleic acids (mRNA), that work in microgravity, as well as on Earth’s surface. Onco selective drugs can tell cancer cells from healthy cells. The researchers see this experiment as a stress test for the drug candidates to identify promising candidates for safer, more effective and affordable medicines to treat leukemia.

Universal Waste Management System (UWMS) – Space Toilet

The Universal Waste Management System (UWMS) aims to further improve the understanding of the way we “go” in space for future Moon and Mars missions. It also comes with a list of improvements over the currently used toilet on the ISS. Due to the compact design and the advanced materials used on the toilet, it is 65% smaller and 40% lighter than the current design used by astronauts. It will be installed adjecent to the currently installed toilet and used concurrently. The UMWS will improve the sanitary facility situation with respect to the possible expansion of crew members in future missions.

UVMS during testing
ISS Universal Waste Management System during EMI/EMC Testing (Credit: NASA – James Blair)

Space radish

Researchers aim to grow radish in the advanced plant habitat on board of the ISS. Radish has already been grown on the ISS, but this time the advanced plant habitat allows researchers to grow a number of plants that allow them to statistically evaluate the results. The results will help to grow plants and food on missions to Mars and maybe beyond.

Advanced Plant Habitat
John “JC” Carver uses a FluorPen to measure the chlorophyll fluorescence of Arabidopsis thaliana plants inside the growth chamber of the Advanced Plant Habitat (APH)(Credit: NASA – Leif Heimbold)

360° EVA camera

Felix & Paul Studios have developed a 360° camera for astronauts to use during EVAs (extravehicular activities). After two years of successful operation of the IVA camera, NASA and Felix & Paul Studios decided to send a slightly different camera for use outside of the ISS. The crew will use the Canadarm as a celestial crane to capture shots of the ISS, the crew and Earth. Felix & Paul Studios aim to create exceptional footage through their 360° camera and the immersive power of virtual reality. They also hope to send 360° cameras deeper into space in the future.

IVE camera set-up
NASA astronaut Anne McClain works on setting up the 360° IVA camera aboard the International Space Station. (Credits: NASA)

From Waste to Energy and Water

Researchers at the University of Puerto Rico are investigating the use of Ammonia Electrooxidation in microgravity. The mechanism converts urea from human urine to ammonia, which can then be used in an ammonia fuel cell to produce drinking water and energy. Future applications of an electrochemical ammonia removal system can be innovative water recovery systems that would support long-duration Moon and Mars missions.

The Antares 230+

The Antares 230+ is a two stage expendable rocket that can carry up to 8,000 kg (~17,600 lb) into Low Earth Orbit (LEO). With dimensions of 42.5 m (~139 ft) and 3.9 m (~13 ft), the Antares 230+ is about the same diameter and height as SpaceX’ Falcon 9 first stage. With two Russian RD-181 engines on the first stage, the rocket lifts off the pad with 3,844 kN (~864,000 lbf). Its first stage is propelled by Rocket Propellant 1 (RP-1) and liquid oxygen (LOX). The second stage on the other hand is a Castor-30XL solid rocket motor. Fuelled by hydroxyle-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) and aluminum, it produces 474 kN (~107,000 lbf) of thrust.

Antares 230+
An Antares 230+ rocket prior to liftoff of the CRS-2 NG-13 mission. (Credit: NASA)

Leave a Reply

%d bloggers like this: