Crew-7 | Falcon 9 Block 5

Lift Off Time
(Subject to change)
August 26, 2023 – 07:27:00 UTC | 03:27:00 EDT
Mission Name
Crew-7, or United States Crew Vehicle mission 7 (USCV-7)
Launch Provider
(What rocket company is launching it?)
SpaceX
Customer
(Who’s paying for this?)
National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
Rocket
Falcon 9 Block 5, Booster B1081-1
Launch Location
Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A), Kennedy Space Center, Florida, USA
Payload mass
Not specified
Where is the spacecraft going?
Crew Dragon will rendezvous with the International Space Station (ISS) in an orbit of around 400 km.
Will they be attempting to recover the first stage?
Yes
Where will the first stage land?
Landing Zone 1
How’s the weather looking?
The weather is currently 95% go for launch (as of August 26, 2023 – 1:28 UTC).
This will be the:
–250th Falcon 9 launch
– 220th booster landing
– 146th consecutive booster landing (a record)
 11th SpaceX crewed mission
– 68th SpaceX launch from LC-39A
7th CCtCap (Commercial Crew Transportation Capability) mission
– 3rd flight of Crew Dragon C210 “Endurance”

– 5th flight of a new Falcon 9 booster to launch humans
– 60th launch for SpaceX in 2023
– 132nd orbital launch attempt
 of 2023
Where to watch
Official livestream

What Does All This Mean?

For the seventh time, SpaceX will launch astronauts to the International Space Station (ISS) in the Crew Dragon spacecraft atop a Falcon 9 rocket for the Commercial Crew Program. The rocket is set to lift off from Launch Complex 39A (LC-39A), Kennedy Space Center, Florida, USA. Crew-7 will be the third flight of the Crew Dragon Endurance spacecraft.

SpaceX’s crewed flight personnel has ranged from commercial astronauts to private citizens. As of Crew-7, SpaceX will have launched eleven missions with humans onboard. These include the seven commercial crew program missions, Demonstration Mission-2, Inspiration 4, and both Axiom 1 and Axiom 2, which visited the ISS. The total number of humans launched by SpaceX, upon the successful completion of Crew-7, totals 42 – the answer to everything!

Crew-7 mission patch, spacex, nasa
Crew-7 mission patch. (Credit: NASA)

Crew-7 (USCV-7)

Crew-7 is the seventh regular crew rotation mission to the ISS to launch atop a SpaceX Falcon 9 rocket. Crew Dragon Endurance will carry four astronauts to the station where they will stay for six months. In the fall of 2023, the Crew-6 astronauts currently aboard the ISS — Stephen Bowen, Warren Hoburg, Sultan Al Neyadi, and Andrey Fedyaev — will depart and return to Earth. Crew-7 will join the MS-22 cosmonauts Sergey Prokopyev, Dmitry Petelin, and astronaut Francisco Rubio, bringing the total crew members aboard to the station to 11.

Crew-7 astronauts, NASA, ESA, JAXA, ROSCOSMOS
SpaceX Crew-7 (USCV-7) (Credit: SpaceX)

Meet The Crew

Flying on Crew Dragon Endurance will be one NASA astronaut, one ESA astronaut, one JAXA astronaut, and one ROSCOSMOS cosmonaut. Crew-7, with its four astronauts/cosmonauts from four different countries and four different space agencies is a prime example of international collaboration and arguably one of the most international missions there has ever been.

  • Commander: NASA astronaut Jasmin Moghbeli
  • Pilot: ESA astronaut Andreas Enevold Mogensen
  • Mission Specialist: ROSCOSMOS cosmonaut Konstantin Sergeyevich Borisov (Константин Сергеевич Борисов)
  • Mission Specialist: JAXA astronaut Satoshi Furukawa (古川 聡)

Crew-7 Commander Jasmin Moghbeli

Commander Jasmin Moghbeli was born on June 24, 1983, in Bad Nauheim, Germany. Her parents, Fereshteh and Kamy Moghbeli, are originally from Teheran, Iran, but fled the country in 1979 and subsequently emigrated to the United States. They settled in Baldwin, New York, which Moghbeli considers her home.

Moghbeli graduated from MIT with a bachelor’s degree in aerospace engineering and was commissioned as an officer in the United States Marine Corps. As an AH-1 Super Cobra pilot, she was deployed overseas three times and flew 150 combat missions. Later, Moghbeli graduated from U.S. Naval Postgraduate School in California with a master’s degree in aerospace engineering. After acquiring her master’s degree, she became a helicopter test pilot at Marine Corps Air Station Yuma, Arizona.

Jasmin Moghbeli was selected as a member of NASA Astronaut Group 22 in June 2017 and began her two-year training shortly after. In January 2020, Moghbeli graduated together with 13 of her colleagues and was assigned as Commander for Crew-7 in March of 2022.

Crew-7 Commander Jasmin Moghbeli, NASA
Crew-7 Pilot Andreas Mogensen, ESA

Crew-7 Pilot Andreas Mogensen

Born on November 2, 1976 in Copenhagen, Denmark, Pilot Andreas Mogensen received a master’s degree in aeronautical engineering from Imperial College London in the UK in 1999.

After graduating, Mogensen gathered work experience as an engineer all around the world. As a drilling services engineer, he worked on offshore oil rigs in the Republic of Congo and the Republic of Angola. Later on, he designed control systems for wind turbines in Denmark, before working on his doctorate at the Center for Space Research at the University of Texas in Austin.

In 2009, Mogensen was chosen as an ESA astronaut while he was involved in spacecraft guidance, navigation, and control for entry, descent, and landing in lunar missions at the Surrey Space Center, located at the University of Surrey in the UK.

Crew-7 will be Mogensen’s second trip to the ISS and it will be the first time a non US citizen will be the Pilot of a US spacecraft. Soyuz TMA-18M in 2015 did not only mark his first trip to space, but Mogensen also became the first Danish citizen to go to space.

Crew-7 Mission Specialist Konstantin Sergeyevich Borisov (Константин Сергеевич Борисов)

Mission Specialist Konstantin Sergeyevich Borisov was born on August 14, 1984 in Smolensk.

On June 27, 2005, Borisov graduated with a bachelor’s degree in Economics from the Russian Academy of Economics, after which he pursued a master’s degree in Operations Research and Systems Analysis at Warwick University, Coventry, UK in 2007.

In 2018, Borisov obtained the qualification “Master” in Aircraft Building after completing the masters program Life Support Systems for Aircraft at the Moscow Aviation Institute.

Later that same year, Borisov was selected as a cosmonaut, beginning his cosmonaut training shortly after. In 2020, he finished his training and was assigned to Crew-7 in March of 2023.

Crew-7 Mission Specialist Konstantin Sergeyevich Borisov (Константин Сергеевич Борисов), ROSCOSMOS
Crew-7 Mission Specialist Satoshi Furukawa (古川 聡), JAXA

Crew-7 Mission Specialist Satoshi Furukawa (古川 聡)

Born on April 4, 1964 in Kanagawa, Mission Specialist Satoshi Furukawa graduated from High School in Kamakura in 1983.

Furukawa studied Medicine at the University of Tokyo, where he graduated with a Doctor of Medicine in 1989, as well as with a PhD in Medical Science in 2000.

Before he was selected as an astronaut candidate in 1999, Furukawa worked as an anesthetist and surgeon Ibaraki Prefectural Central Hospital and at Sakuragaoka Hospital. Furukawa finished his astronaut training in 2001.

Soyuz TMA-02M was Furukawa’s first trip to space back in 2001, with Crew-7 marking his second flight, as well as his second long duration mission to the ISS.

What Is Falcon 9 Block 5?

The Falcon 9 Block 5 is SpaceX’s partially reusable two-stage medium-lift launch vehicle. The vehicle consists of a reusable first stage, an expendable second stage, and, when in payload configuration, a pair of reusable fairing halves.

First Stage

The Falcon 9 first stage contains nine Merlin 1D+ sea-level engines. Each engine uses an open gas generator cycle and runs on RP-1 and liquid oxygen (LOx). Each engine produces 845 kN of thrust at sea level, with a specific impulse (ISP) of 285 seconds, and 934 kN in a vacuum with an ISP of 313 seconds. Due to the powerful nature of the engine, and the large amount of them, the Falcon 9 first stage is able to lose an engine right off the pad, or up to two later in flight, and be able to successfully place the payload into orbit.

The Merlin engines are ignited by triethylaluminum and triethylborane (TEA-TEB), which instantaneously burst into flames when mixed in the presence of oxygen. During static fire and launch the TEA-TEB is provided by the ground service equipment. However, as the Falcon 9 first stage is able to propulsively land, three of the Merlin engines (E1, E5, and E9) contain TEA-TEB canisters to relight for the boost back, reentry, and landing burns.

Second Stage

The Falcon 9 second stage is the only expendable part of the Falcon 9. It contains a singular MVacD engine that produces 992 kN of thrust and an ISP of 348 seconds. The second stage is capable of doing several burns, allowing the Falcon 9 to put payloads in several different orbits.

For missions with many burns and/or long coasts between burns, the second stage is able to be equipped with a mission extension package. When the second stage has this package it has a grey strip, which helps keep the RP-1 warm, an increased number of composite-overwrapped pressure vessels (COPVs) for pressurization control, and additional TEA-TEB.

falcon 9 block 5, launch
Falcon 9 Block 5 launching on the Starlink V1.0 L27 mission (Credit: SpaceX)

Falcon 9 Booster

The booster supporting the Crew-7 mission is B1081-1. As the name implies, the booster has supported zero previous missions, making Crew-7 the very first. This is the fifth time an unused Falcon 9 booster will launch humans.

Following stage separation, the Falcon 9 will conduct three burns. These burns will softly touch down the booster at SpaceX’s Landing Zone 1.

falcon 9 booster, landing, drone ship
Falcon 9 landing on Of Course I Still Love You after launching Bob and Doug (Credit: SpaceX)

Crew Dragon

The Crew-7 mission will be the third mission to the ISS for Crew Dragon Endurance C210-3. Like its fellow Dragons it will return to Earth after serving its time on the ISS bringing back experiments and other cargo. It will then be refurbished and used on another mission in the future. The capsule was given the name in honor of the SpaceX and NASA teams who built the spacecraft and trained its astronauts in the face of a pandemic, and is also an homage to the ship used in Sir Ernest Shackleton’s Imperial Trans-Antarctic Expedition.

C208’s missionsLaunch Date (UTC)Turnaround Time (Days)
Crew-3November 11, 2021N/A
Crew-5October 05, 2022329
Crew-7August 25, 2023324

Crew Dragon is 8.1 m (26.6 ft in) in height and 3.7 meters (12 feet) in diameter. Similar to Cargo Dragon 2, the Crew Dragon spacecraft can and will automatically dock on the ISS with the astronauts inside monitoring the approach and intervening if necessary.

The Crew Dragon shares a similar design with the Cargo Dragon 2 spacecraft intended to carry cargo and experiments to the ISS and back to Earth. However, there are some differences. The Cargo Dragon 2 does not have SuperDraco abort engines, nor a sophisticated life support system since there will be no human passengers on board. The ability to abort at any point during launch is reserved to Crew Dragon. In the pressurized section, the seats and crew displays in Cargo Dragon 2 have been swapped for cargo racks. The environmental control system has also been reduced, both in size and complexity, with those systems being more capable on Crew Dragon.

Crew-7 Countdown

HR/MIN/SECEVENT
00:45:00SpaceX Launch Director verifies go for propellant load
00:42:00Crew access arm retracts
00:37:00Dragon’s launch escape system is armed
00:35:00RP-1 (rocket grade kerosene) loading begins
00:35:001st stage LOX (liquid oxygen) loading begins
00:16:002nd stage LOX loading begins
00:07:00Falcon 9 begins engine chill prior to launch
00:05:00Dragon transitions to internal power
00:01:00Command flight computer to begin final prelaunch checks
00:01:00Propellant tank pressurization to flight pressure begins
00:00:45SpaceX Launch Director verifies go for launch
00:00:03Engine controller commands engine ignition sequence to start
00:00:00Falcon 9 liftoff

Crew-7 Launch, Landing, and Dragon Separation

All Times Approximate

HR/MIN/SECEVENT
00:01:02Max Q (moment of peak mechanical stress on the rocket)
00:02:341st stage main engine cutoff (MECO)
00:02:381st and 2nd stages separate
00:02:452nd stage engine starts
00:07:221st stage entry burn
00:08:472nd stage engine cutoff (SECO-1)
00:08:591st stage landing burn
00:09:261st stage landing
00:11:57Dragon separates from 2nd stage
00:12:45Dragon nosecone open sequence begins
Crew-7 mission profile
Crew-7’s mission profile for its flight to the ISS. (Credit: SpaceX)

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