Featured image: Xinhua
Lift Off Time
|November 26th 2021 – 16:40:04 UTC |
November 27th 2021 – 00:40:04 BJT
|China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation (CASC)|
|China Satellite Communications|
|Long March 3B/E|
|LC-2, Xichang Satellite Launch Center, People’s Republic of China|
|Up to 5,500 kg (12,100 lb)|
Where did the satellite go?
|Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO)|
Did they attempt to recover the first stage?
|No, this is not a capability of the Long March 3B/E rocket|
Where did the first stage land?
|It crashed back over land in China|
Did they attempt to recover the fairings?
No, this is not a capability of the Long March 3B/E rocket
Were these fairings new?
This was the:
|– 121st orbital launch attempt of 2021 (114th successful)|
– 139th launch of a Long March 3 rocket
– 81st launch of Long March 3B rocket
Where to watch
|If available, an official replay will be listed here|
What Does All This mean?
CASC successfully launched the ChinaSat 1D satellite for China Satellite Communications. The satellite was launched atop a Long March 3B/E rocket from the Xichang Satellite Launch Center in China. The satellite was initially be deployed into a geostationary transfer orbit (GTO), and will gradually raise its orbit to a geostationary orbit (GEO).
ChinaSat 1D is a Chinese communications satellite based on the DFH-4 (Dong Fang Hong 4) third generation communications satellite bus. Due to the nature of the satellite, not much is known about the technical details, but it is expected to have a 15 year lifespan.
Long March 3B/E
The Long March 3B/E is an expandable three stage medium-lift rocket, with an optional fourth stage. It is a member of the Long March 3 rocket family, and is the enhanced version of the Long March 3B, having larger side boosters and a larger first stage, allowing for a greater Geostationary Transfer Orbit (GTO) payload capacity. While the 3B was first launched in 1996, the 3B/E variant was introduced in 2007.
The 3B/E has four side boosters, 16.1 m in height, which each have a single YF-25 engine. The engines are powered by Unsymmetrical Di-Methyl Hydrazine (UDMH) and Nitrogen Tetroxide (N2O4). Each of the boosters produce 740 kN of thrust at lift-off, burn for 140 seconds and have a specific impulse (ISP) of 260 seconds.
The 3B/E’s first stage is 3.35 m in diameter and 24.76 m in height. It uses four YF-21C engines, which also burn UDMH and N2O4 propellant. The stage has an ISP of 260 seconds and produces 2,960 kN of thrust at sea level.
The second stage is 3.35 m in diameter and 12.9 m tall, and is powered by a YF-24 engine module, which contains a main YF-22E engine, and a single YF-23 Vernier engine to provide attitude control. Similarl to the side boosters and the first stage, the engine runs on UDMH and N2O4. This stage produces 742 kN of thrust and will burn for approximately 185 seconds during flight.
The 3B/E third stage is 12.4 m (40.7 ft) long and is powered by two YF-75 engines. Unlike the other stages, this stage is powered by liquid hydrogen (LH2) and liquid oxygen (LOx). The engines only produces 157 kN of thrust in vacuum, but has an ISP of around 440 s.
Optional Fourth Stage
It is unclear whether this stage was used to launch ChinaSat 1D, but this stage has a single YF-50D engine, which again runs on UDMH and N2O4. The stage produces 6.5 kN of thrust and has an ISP of 315 s.