Amazônia-1 | PSLV-DL

Lift Off Time
(Subject to change)
February 28, 2021 – 04:54 UTC | 10:24 IST
Mission Name
Launch Provider
(What rocket company is launching it?)
Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO)
(Who’s paying for this?)
Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE)
Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV)-DL
Launch Location
First Launch Pad, Satish Dhawan Space Centre, India
Payload mass
638 kg (~1,400 lbs)
Where are the satellites going?
752 kilometer Sun-synchronous orbit
Will they be attempting to recover the first stage?
No, this is not a capability of ISRO
Will they be attempting to recover the fairings?
No, this is not a capability of ISRO
How’s the weather looking?
This will be the:
– 79th ISRO mission
54th PSLV mission
3rd PSLV-DL mission
16th orbital launch attempt of 2021
Where to watch
Official livestream

What does all this mean?

The Indian Space Research Organizations’s Polar Satellite Launch Vehicle (PSLV) will launch Brazil’s Amazônia-1 satellite into a 752 kilometer sun-synchronous orbit. It is the first earth observation satellite developed by Brazil.

Amazônia-1 and other payloads

Amazônia-1 is an Earth observation satellite developed by Brazil’s National Institute for Space Research (INPE). The satellite is equipped with a camera that can pass over and take pictures of any place in the world every five days. This high revisit rate is useful for tracking things like deforestation in the Amazon rainforest.

This will be the first satellite based on Brazil’s Multi Mission Platform (MMP) satellite bus. The satellite bus is built for 500 kg satellites and provides power, propulsion, and other critical satellite elements.

Amazônia-1 satellite (Credit: INPE)

This mission will also feature several rideshare payloads. They are:

  • Satish Dhawin Sat – nano-satellite intended to study radiation levels and space weather
  • UNITYsat – provides radio relay services
  • SinduNetru – technology demonstrator
  • SAI-1 NanoConnect-2 – technology demonstrator
  • SpaceBEEs (*12) – communications and data relay satellites


ISRO’s workhorse rocket, PSLV, is an expendable medium-lift launch vehicle capable of putting up to 1,750 kilograms into a 600-kilometer sun-synchronous orbit and 1,300 kilograms into a geostationary transfer orbit. PSLV has a fairly modular design and has flown in six variants in the course of its life. It was debuted in 1993 and has flown successfully 48 out of 51 times. The vehicle’s reliability, as well as its customizability and relatively low cost have made it a popular rocket for both foreign and domestic customers. 

This will be the third mission of the PSLV-DL variant; it was first launched in 2019.

PSLV has four stages:

  • Stage 1 is 20 m (66 ft) long and 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) in diameter. Its S139 solid rocket motor produces 4,800 kN of thrust and uses hydroxyl-terminated polybutadiene (HTPB) for fuel.
PSLV’s first stage. (Credit: ISRO)
  • Stage 2 is 12.8 m (42 ft) long and 2.8 m (9 ft 2 in) in diameter. Its single Vikas rocket engine produces 800 kN of thrust and uses dinitrogen tetroxide (N2O4) as its oxidizer and unsymmetrical dimethylhydrazine (UDMH) for fuel.
PSLV’s second stage. (Credit: ISRO)
  • Stage 3 is 3.6 m (12 ft) in length and 2 m (6 ft 7 in) in diameter. Its one S-7 motor uses HTPB for fuel and produces 250 kN of thrust.
  • Stage 4 is 3 meters (9.8 feet) long and 1.3 meters (4 feet 3 inches) in diameter. It has two L-2-5 engines that use monomethylhydrazine as fuel and produce a combined 14.7 kN of thrust.
PSLV’s third and fourth stage. (Credit: ISRO)

The PSLV-DL configuration in particular also has two side boosters, each using HTPB as fuel and producing 700 kN of thrust.

  1. It’s great to see this kind of cooperation amongst nations and their space programs. We get lost in all the geopolitics of the world and forget that everyone has something to offer. Good on both India, Brazil and their partners for getting this mission to the pad, and most likely in to space soon!

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